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新目标人教版七年级下册英语期中考试知识点和语法总结

时间:2021-11-23 11:02:11 浏览次数:
导读: 七年级下册英语Unit1Canyouplaytheguitar?一、知识梳理:◆短语归纳1 play

七年级下册英语 Unit1 Can you play the guitar? 一、知识梳理:
◆短语归纳 1. play chess 下国际象棋 2. play the guitar 弹吉他 3. speak English 说英语 4. English club 英语俱乐部 5. talk to 跟…说 6. play the violin 拉小提琴 7. play the piano 弹钢琴 8. play the drums 敲鼓 9. make friends 结交朋友 10. do kung fu 表演 (中国) 功夫 11. tell stories 讲故事 12. play games 做游戏 13. on the weekend/on weekends 在周末 1. play +球类/棋类/ 牌类 下……棋,打……球 ,打牌 2. play the +西洋乐器 弹/拉……乐器 3. be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事 4. be good with sb. 对某人有办法,善于应付某人 5. need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事 6. can + 动词原形 能/会做某事 7. join the …club 加入…俱乐部 8. like to do sth./like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 ◆用法集萃 ◆典句必背 1. Can you draw? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. 2. What club do you want to join? I want to join the chess club. 3. You can join the English club. 4. Sounds good./That sounds good. 5. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 6. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 二、语法探究 Ⅰ.情态动词 概念:情态动词表示说话人对所说动作的观点,如:
需要、可能、意愿、怀疑等。

特点:形式上没有人称和数的变化,有的也没有时态的变化;
不能单独作谓语,因为情态动词本身词义不完全;
必须和不带“to”的动词原形连用。

意义:
情态动词一般有多个意义。

否定式:
情态动词的否定式一般为在其后加not。

一般疑问式:
一般疑问句通常将其提到句首。

Ⅱ. 情态动词can的用法 A. 意义 1. 表示__________。如:
He can speak English very well.他英语说得很好。

She can sing some English songs.她会唱几首英文歌曲。

2. 表示__________。如:
You can play the violin after school every day.每天下课后你可以拉小提琴。

Students can‵t take cell phones or Mp3 players to school.学生不允许带手机或MP3到学校。

3. 表示__________。如:
Can you tell me an English story? 你能给我讲个英语故事吗? Could you help me with my English? 你能帮我学英语吗? 温馨提示:
上句中的could 是can 的过去式,用在一般现在时的句子中,表示比can更客气的请求。

4. can't 表示__________ 。如:
—Is that Mr. Smith? 那是史密斯先生吗? —That can't be him. He is in New York now. 那不可能是他。他现在在纽约呢。

B. 句型变化 肯定句:
He can play the _drums. 否定句:
He _________play the drums. 一般疑问句:_________he _________the drums? 两种回答:
Yes, he _________. /No, he _________. 对画线部分提问:________ ________he play? ┃易错点针对训练┃ Ⅰ. 单项选择 ( )1. —Can you ________ him to stop smoking? —Sure. A.tell B.say C.talk D.speak ( )2. The little boy ________ English very________. A.speaks; good  B.speaks; well C.says; well D.tells; well Ⅱ.用good或 well 填空 1.He is a ________ student; he is ________ and studies________. 2. The food smells ________ and it sells ________. Ⅲ.使用适当的介词填空 1. Running is good________ a man's health. 2. Parents aren't always good ________ their children. 3. The lady is very good ________ her cat. 4. If you are not good _________ driving, you'd better keep the car away. Ⅳ.使用所给词的适当形式填空 1. The book is very ____________ (interest). 2. I need a__________ (relax) holiday. 3. Are you __________ (interest) in music? 4. He doesn't feel __________ (relax) when he is at work. 三、单元话题作文:
假设王宏学校的英语广播站急需招一名英语广播员,王宏擅长英语,他想加入英语广播站。请根据下面关于王宏的信息,帮助他写一份不少于60词的申请。

Name Wang Hong Age 15 Like English, music, sports Things sing English songs, dance,play the guitar Telephone Number 8934-5862 E-mail wanghong@126.com 要求:1.语句通顺、语意连贯;

2.申请要包括表格中的所有信息;

3.申请的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Sir, My name is Wang Hong. I’m 15. I want to join the English radio station and work with you.I like English a lot. And I love music. I do sports every day. I can sing English songs very well. I can also dance. I do well in playing the guitar. I think I can be good at this job. If you need me, please call me at 8934-5862. Or, you can e-mail me at wanghong@126.com. I hope to get your letter soon。

Yours, Wang Hong Unit 2 What time do you go to school? 一、知识梳理:
◆短语归纳 1. what time 几点 2. go to school 去上学 3. get up 起床 4. take a shower 洗淋浴 5. brush teeth 刷牙 6. get to 到达 7. do homework 做家庭作业 8. go to work 去上班 9. go home 回家 10. eat breakfast 吃早饭 11. get dressed 穿上衣服 12. get home 到家 13. either…or… 要么…要么… 14. go to bed early 早点上床睡觉 15. in the morning/ afternoon/ evening 在上午/下午/晚上 16. take a walk=go for a walk 散步 17. lots of…=a lot of …许多,大量 18. take… for a walk带…去散步 19. at night 在晚上 20. be late for…=arrive late for …迟到  21.eat quickly 吃的快 22. an interesting job 一份有趣的工作 23.after that 在那之后 24.play sports =do sports做运动 25.healthy habits 健康的饮食习惯 26. for breakfast\lunch\dinner 对于早餐、午餐、晚餐而言 27. eat lots of fruit and vegetables 吃大量的水果和蔬菜 ◆用法集萃 1. at + 具体时间点 在几点(几分)
2. eat/have breakfast/ lunch/dinner吃早饭/午饭/晚饭 3. thirty\half past +基数词 ……点半 4. fifteen\a quarter to +基数词 差一刻钟到……点 5. take a/an +名词 从事……活动 6. from …to … 从……到…… 7. need to do sth. 需要做某事 ◆典句必背 1. —What time do you usually get up? 你通常几点钟起床? —I usually get up at six thirty. 我通常6:30起床。

2. That’s a funny time for breakfast. 那是个有趣的早餐时间。

3. —When do students usually eat dinner? 学生们通常什么时候吃完饭? —They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 他们通常在晚上6:45吃晚饭。

4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games. 在晚上,我要么看电视,要么玩电脑游戏。

5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch. 在十二点,她午餐吃很多水果和蔬菜。

6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good. 她知道它对她没好处,但是尝起来很好。

7. Here are your clothes. 这是你的衣服。

8.It tastes good.尝起来好吃。

9.I have a very healthy life.我有一个非常健康的生活 二、语法探究 Ⅰ. 一般现在时态特殊疑问句的结构 1. 结构:
特殊疑问词+ be + 主语? 特殊疑问词+ 助动词do/does+ 主语+ 实义动词? When/What time is the party? When do you go to school? What time does he go to work? 常用的特殊疑问词:________ /________ ________ (什么时候), ________ (什么地方), ________ (谁), ________ (谁的), ________ (如何)。

2. 对画线部分提问:
(1)They get dressed at six. →________ ________ ________ they get dressed? (2)She takes a walk at nine. →________ ________ she _______ a walk? (3)He usually swims in the lake.→________ ________ he ________ ? (4)Jack goes to school on foot. → ________ ________ Jack ________ to school? 温馨提示:
what time 对具体某一时刻进行提问;
when 对笼统时间进行提问。

Ⅱ. 英语时间表示法 1. 使用数字( ________  数 + ________数)。如:
7:20 seven twenty ; 8: 55 eight fifty-five。

2. 使用介词(past或to)。

当分钟数≤30分钟时,使用介词________ , “分钟数+ past + 小时数”。如:
9:10 ten minutes past nine; 10: 30 half past ten; 当分钟数>30分钟时,使用介词________ ,“(60-分钟数)+ to + (小时数+1)”。

如:
11: 40 twenty minutes to twelve. 温馨提示:
(1)特殊时间段的表示法:
30分钟可以使用________代替;
15 分钟可以使用________代替。如:
5: 30 half past five; 9: 45 a quarter to ten。

(2)在某一时刻使用介词________ 。

(3)提问时间使用:
“What time is it?” 或“What's the time?” Ⅲ. 英语中的频度副词的用法 英语中常用的频度副词及含义:
________(总是;
一直), ________ (通常), ________ (从来没有),___________ (有时候) 等,常用在行为动词前。如:
I usually take a walk after dinner.晚饭后我经常散步。

He never goes to school late.他上学从不迟到。

They sometimes eat lunch at school.他们有时候在学校吃午饭。

┃易错点针对训练┃ Ⅰ.单项选择 ( )1. —Either you or she ________ on duty today, don't forget it. —OK, I won't. A.is  B.am   C.are   D.be ( )2. —My parents ask me to finish my homework ________ after school. —It's a good habit. A.one B.first C.ones D.once Ⅱ.用first, one, ones 或 once 填空 1. He is the ________ in the English test. 2. —Please have an apple. —Thanks, I have ________. 3. These apples are green, and the red ________ are in the basket. 4. He cleans his car ________ a week. Ⅲ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. Either she or I ________ (be) busy this week. 2. Either you or he ________ (be) at work now. 3. There ________ (be) two books and a pen on the desk. 4. ________(arrive) at school on time, he gets up very early. Ⅳ.同义句转换 He has a job in town. He has ________ ________ ________ ________ in town. 三、 单元话题作文:
主题:谈论日常作息习惯 My School Day I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I have seven classes a day. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed. That is my school day. Unit 3 How do you get to school? 一、单元知识梳理:
◆短语归纳 1. get to school 到达学校 2. take the subway 乘地铁 3. ride a bike 骑自行车 4. how far 多远 5. from home to school 从家到学校 6. every day 每天 7. take the bus 乘公共汽车 8. by bike 骑自行车 9. bus stop 公共汽车站 10. think of… 认为 11. between … and … 在…和…之间 12. one 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩 13. play with … 和…玩 14. come true 实现 15. have to 不得不 16. get home on foot=walk home 步行回家 17. ten minutes’walk 步行十分钟的路程 18. two hundred people 两百人 19. hundreds of books 成百上千本书 1. take… to …= go to … by… 乘…去… 2. How do / does (sb.)get to …? …是怎样到…的? 3. How far is it from … to …? 从…到…有多远? 4. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间 5. How long does it take to do sth.? 做…花费多长时间? 6. It is + adj. + to do sth. 做某事是….的 7. Thanks for + sth. / doing sth. 感谢你(做)某事 ◆用法集萃 ◆典句必背 1. —How do you get to school? 你怎么去上学? —I ride my bike. 我骑自行车。

2.---How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学校有多远? ---It's about 数字 kilometers./It's about ten minutes’ drive. 大约...公里。/大约十分钟的车程。

3.---How long does it take you to get to school? 去上学花费你多久? ---It takes me about 数字 minutes/hours. 大约需要...分钟/小时。

4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 对很多学生来说,很容易到达学校。

5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 在他们学校和村庄之间有一条很大的河流。

二、语法探究 Ⅰ. how引导的一般现在时态的特殊疑问句 1. 特殊疑问词how提问动作的________。如:
—How do you go to school? “你如何上学呢?” —I ride my bike to school. “我骑自行车去上学。” 2. 表达动作行为的方式, 使用动词take (乘坐)、ride (乘车) 、walk(步行)、fly(乘飞机)等;
使用介词by等。主语+ take/ride/walk/fly + to + 地点=主语+ go to + 地点+ by + 交通工具。

如:
(1)He takes the plane to Beijing. =He __________ _________Beijing.=He goes to Beijing by _____________. (2)She walks to school. =She goes to school _________ _________. Ⅱ. how far 与 how long的区别 how far是提问两地之间的_________,how long 用来提问  ___________或某个事物的_________。如:
It is five kilometers from my home to my school. (距离) →_______ _______ is it from your home to your school? The river is 1,000 kilometers long. (距离)→ _______ _______ is the river? The meeting is 2 hours. (时间段)→ _______ _______ is the meeting? Ⅲ. hundred的两种用法 1. hundreds of + 名词复数,“数以百记的,成百上千的,”表示一种“___________”;

2. 数字+ hundred +名词复数, “……百”,表示“___________”。如:
There are hundreds of people on the island. 岛屿上有成百上千的人。

He has five hundred interesting books. 他有五百本有趣的书籍。

┃易错点针对训练┃ Ⅰ. 单项选择 ( )1.The island is the biggest one ________ islands. A.among hundred of B.among three hundred C.between hundreds of D.between three hundreds ( )2.________ takes the old man a long time ________ the door of his own. A.It; to open B.It; opening C.That; to open D.That; opens Ⅱ.用among或between填空 1.In the word “map”, letter “a” stands ________letter “m” and letter “p”. 2. Look! There is a man standing ________ the students. He is our teacher. Ⅲ.根据汉语提示完成句子 1. He has ________ ________(两百本) storybooks at home. 2. __________ ______(成百上千的) people are relaxing on the square on hot summer nights. Ⅳ.同义句转换 1. The girl is five years old. She is a _________________ girl. 2. He spends half an hour watching TV every night. ______ ______him thirty minutes ______ ______TV every night. 三、单元话题写作 主题:上学的交通方式 写作思路:开篇点题:点出自己的出行方式;
具体内容:自己选择这种交通方式的原因;
结束语: 表明自己的观点。

The Best Way for Me to Go to School Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I like to go to school on foot. First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It’s also good exercise. It’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better. So I think the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you? Unit 4 Don’t eat in class. ◆短语归纳 1. on time 准时,按时 2. listen to … 听…… 3. in class 在课上 4. be/arrive late for class/work 上课/上班迟到 5. have to 不得不 6. be/keep quiet 安静 7. leave for Shanghai 动身前往上海 8. go out to eat/play外出去吃饭/去玩  9. do/wash the dishes 清洗餐具 10. make breakfast for sb. 做早饭  11. make (one’s) bed 铺床 12. be noisy 吵闹  12.fight with sb. 和某人打架 13. keep one’s hair short 留短发 14. play with sb. 和某人一起玩 15. wear a uniform 穿校服 16. have fun doing sth.玩得高兴 17. arrive in Beijing/at school到北京/到学校 18.arrive home 到家 19. make/follow/break the rules 制订/遵守/违反规则 ◆用法集萃 1.祈使句 Be+adj. / V原形+ Don’t + be+ adj. / Don’t + 动词原形+ No+Ving/+名词复数  / Never+ 2.Let sb. do sth./ Let sb. not do sth. / Don’t let sb. do sth. 3. too many + 可数名词复数 too much +不可数名词 太多的…… much too+adj. 太...much too happy  4. practice doing sth. 练习做某事 5. be strict with sb. 对某人要求严格 6. be strict in sth. 对某事要要求严格 7. leave sth. sp. 把某物忘在某地 8. keep + 宾语+形容词 使……保持某种状态 9. learn to do sth. 学会做某事 10. remember to do sth.记得去做某事 remember doing sth. 记得做过某事 11. have to do sth. 不得不做某事 12. It’s important for us to follow the rules at school. ◆典句必背 1. Don’t arrive late for class. 上课不要迟到。

2. Can we bring music players to school? 我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗? 3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 并且我们总是不得不穿校服。

4. There are too many rules! 有太多的规则! 5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen! 不要把脏盘子留在厨房里! 6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不得不留短发。

二、语法探究:
Ⅰ.祈使句 定义:
用于表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等的句子叫__________句。

时态:
使用______________时态。

结构:
动词原形+其他成分+ please. 否定祈使句在动词原形前面__________ 。如:
Be quiet in the classroom, please. 在教室里请保持安静。

Don't fight. 不要打架。

Ⅱ.情态动词have to 和must 1.情态动词have to和must都表示“__________”的意思。have to 表示从__________条件上来看必须做某事;
must表示说话人 __________必须要做某事。如:
There is no bus, you have to walk home. (没有公交车是客观条件) 没有公共汽车,你必须走回家。

I must study English well. (想学好英语是一种主观想法) 我必须要学好英语。

2.have to有__________、__________和__________的变化,而must 只有一种形式。如:
He has to stay at home, it's raining.他必须待在家中,下雨了。

3.在否定结构中don't have to表示“__________”, 而mustn't表示“__________”。如:
You don't have to wait for him. 你没必要等他。

You mustn't play with fire. It's dangerous.你禁止玩火。那很危险。

练习:
( )1. —Can I go to the park, Mum? —Certainly. But you ________be back before six o'clock. A. can B. may C. might D. must ( )2. You ________ stop when the traffic light turns red. A. can B. have to C. need D. had better ( )3. ________ come late to school tomorrow! A. Do B. Does C. Be D. Don't ( )4.下面哪句话是祈使句? A. Hi, there. B. Here you are. C. Be quick. D. No way! ┃易错点针对训练┃ Ⅰ.用wear,put on 或 dress 填空。

1. He ____________his coat and goes out. 2. She is _________a red skirt today. 3. The little child can________ himself now. Ⅱ.用too many, too much 或 much too 填空。

1. There are ______________people and _____________ traffic in the street. It's ______________crowded. 2. Watching TV _______________is bad for our health. Ⅲ.用 too, also 或 either 填空。

1. He speaks English. He can ________ speak Chinese. 2. I like Mount Tai. He likes it, ________. 3. She isn't late. I am not late, ________. Ⅳ.用适当的介词填空。

1. I am afraid you can't pass, because our boss is very strict ________the quality of it. 2. All the workers can't go out at work. The boss are strict ________them. Ⅴ.同义句转换 He often wears an old shirt.= He often ________ ________an old shirt. 四、 单元话题作文:
你的笔友来信想要了解你们学校的校规,请简单介绍一下。并谈谈你对校规的看法。

Dear Tom, Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them.  We can’t arrive late for class. We can’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet. When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can’t eat or drink in class, and we can’t listen to music or play games in class. I think we have too many rules. But our teachers make rules to help us. So I will try my best to follow them.What about your school rules? Please write and tell me. Yours, Li Ming Unit 5 Why do you like pandas? 一、 单元知识梳理:
◆短语归纳 1. kind of 有几分,有点儿 2. be from / come from 来自于 3. South Africa 南非 4. all day 整天 5. for a long time 很长时间 6. get lost 迷路 7. places with food and water 有食物和水的地方 8. cut down 砍倒 9. in (great) danger 处于(极大)危险之中 10. twelve years old 十二岁 11. things made of ivory 由象牙制成的东西 12.be made of... 由...制成的 13.a symbol of good luck 好运的象征 14.kill...for... 为...而杀死... 15.on Thai Elephant Day 在泰国大象日 16. one of Thailand’s symbols 泰国象征之一 ◆用法集萃 1. —Why…? 为什么……? —Because… 因为…… 2. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 3. want to sth 想要做某事 4. one of + 名词复数 ……之一 5. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 6. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 7. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好 ◆典句必背 1. —Why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫? —Because they’re kind of interesting. 因为它们有点儿有趣。

2. —Why does John like koalas? 约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊? —Because they’re very cute. 因为它们非常可爱。

3. —Why don’t you like tigers? 你为什么不喜欢老虎? —Because they’re really scary. 因为它们真的吓人。

4. —Where are lions from? 狮子来自哪里? —They’re from South Africa. 它们来自南非。

5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很长时间并且从不迷路。

6. They can also remember places with food and water. 它们也能记住有食物和水的地方。

7. But elephants are in great danger. 但是,大象处于极大危险之中。

8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes. 人们砍倒了许多树,因此,大象渐渐失去它们的家园。

9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before) 现在仅有大约3000头大象(之前超过10万头大象)。

10.Isn’t she beautiful? 她难道不美丽吗? 二、语法探究:
Ⅰ.why引导的特殊疑问句 特殊疑问副词why 在句子中用来提问__________ 。

结构:
Why + do(n't)/ does(n't) + 主语+ 其他? 回答:
Why 引起的特殊疑问句只能用because来回答。如:
—Why do you like monkeys? 你为什么喜欢猴子? —Because they are very clever.因为它们很聪明。

Ⅱ. where 引导的特殊疑问句 特殊疑问副词where 在句子中用来提问__________。

结构:
Where + be + 主语+ 其他? Where + do/does + 主语+ 动词原形+ 其他? 如:—Where are you from? 你来自哪里? —I am from Shandong. 我来自山东。

—Where does Peter live? 彼得住在哪里? —He lives in UK. 他住在英国。

Ⅲ.否定疑问句 在本课中“Isn't she beautiful? ” 是否定疑问句。

结构:
助动词与not的缩写式+ 主语+ (实义动词) + 其他? 回答:
回答时要“根据事实,前后一致,翻译相反”。如:
—It's raining all day. Isn't it boring? “雨下了一整天了。难道不令人讨厌吗?” — Yes, it is. I can't go out to play. “不,是挺令人讨厌的。

我不能出去玩了。” 【练习吧】 ( )1.—________are you from? — I'm from Changchun. A. When B. Where C. Who D. How ( )2.— ________ are you late today? —________ there is so much traffic on my way here. I can't drive my car fast. A. Why; because B. Where; because C. Why; for D. When; since ┃易错点针对训练┃ Ⅰ. 单项选择 ( )1.—Don't forget ________ the paper ________ Mr. Smith this afternoon. —Of course, I won't. A.to give; to B.giving; to C.to give; for D.giving; for ( )2.—There is a big bridge made ________ stones across the river. —It's very useful. People use it to cross the river to the town. A.from B.Into C.on D.of Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. —Don't forget it. —Don't worry. I still remember________ (send) an email for you tonight. 2. I still remember my grandpa ________(teach) me to play cards. Ⅲ.用of 或 from 填空 1. The kite is made ________paper. 2. Butter is made ________milk. Ⅳ.根据汉语提示完成句子 —He doesn't know her name, does he? —__________, ________ ________(不,他知道). She's his best friend. 三、单元话题作文:
主题:介绍自己喜欢的动物 The Animal I Like There are many kinds of animals in the world. What animal do I like? Let’s know her. Many people like her very much. I also like her. She is from China. She is very cute. She doesn’t eat grass and meat at all. She eats bamboo every day. She is so nice. She is black and white. She has two big black ears and eyes. And she also has black legs and arms. What animal is she? She is a panda. I like panda very much. Do you like her? What animal do you like? Unit 6 I’m watching TV. 一、单元知识梳理:
◆短语归纳 1. watch TV 看电视 2. read a newspaper 看报纸 3. talk on the phone 通过电话交谈 4. listen to music 听音乐 5. use the computer 使用电脑 6. make soup做汤 7. wash the dishes 洗餐具 8. kind of 有点儿 9.a student from Shenzhen 一个来自深圳的学生 10. join sb. for sth. 加入某人的行列做某事 11. drink/have tea 喝茶 12. eat out 出去吃饭 13. live with an American family 和一个美国家庭居住在一起 14. watch boat races on TV 在电视上看划船比赛 ◆用法集萃 1. —What + be+ 主语+ doing? ……正在做什么? —主语+ be + doing sth. ……正在做某事。

2. I’d love / like to do sth. 我愿意做某事。

3. any other + 可数名词单数 其他任何一个…… 4. wish to do sth. 希望做某事 5. One... , the other... 其中一个......,另一个...... 6. Some..., others... 一些......,另一些...... ◆典句必背 1. —Why are you doing? 你在做什么? —I’m watching TV. 我在看电视。

2. —What’s she doing? 她在做什么? —She’s washing her clothes. 她在洗她的衣服。

3. —What are they doing? 他们在做什么? —They’re listening to a CD. 他们在听一张CD 唱片。

4. —Are you doing your homework? 你在做你的家庭作业吗? —Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. I’m cleaning my room. 是的,我在做。/ 不,我没有。我在打扫我的房间。

5. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi. 朱辉思念他的家人并希望吃上他妈妈的可口粽子。

◆要点复习 1. ride a bike = by bike 骑自行车 2. take the subway = by subway 乘坐地铁 3. take the train = by train 乘坐火车 4. take a plane = by plane /air 乘坐飞机 5. take the bus = by bus 乘坐公车 6. walks = on foot 走路、步行 7. get to 到达 8. How far is it from … to …? 从……到……多远? 9. How long does it take…? ……需要多长时间? 10. It takes sb. some time to do sth.花某人多长时间做某事 注意: 当home, here, there 作地点时, 不加to。Linda takes the bus home. 琳达乘公交车回家。

1. I take the train to school. = I get to school __________. 2. She takes the subway to school. (同义句) She _____ to school ___ _______. 3. Jenny rides the bike to school. = Jenny gets to school ___ _____. 4. Mr. Wang walks to school. (同义句) Mr. Wang _____ to school ___ ____. 二、语法探究:
现在进行时态 1.定义:
现在进行时表示现在或现阶段正在进行或发生的______或存在的________ 。

2.构成:
助动词be (is/am/are)+ v. ing。

时间状语标志:
now, at the moment, look, listen 或“It's+某一时刻”等。

3.句式结构:
①肯定句:
主语+ am/is/are + v. ing. ②否定句:
主语+ am/is/are + not + v. ing. ③一般疑问句:
Am/Is/Are + 主语 +v. ing? 肯定、否定回答:
Yes, I am./No, I'm not. Yes, … is./No,… isn't. Yes, … are./No, … aren't. ④特殊疑问句:
特殊疑问词+ am/is/are + 主语+ v. ing? 4. v. ing的构成方法:
①规则动词后加ing。如:
watch —______ ;

read —_____;

listen —__________ ;

②以不发音字母e结尾的动词去掉e, 再加ing。

如:
make —__________; use —__________; exercise —__________;

live —__________;

③以重读闭音节结尾的动词,末尾只有一个辅音字母时,双写这个辅音字母,再加ing。

如:
put—__________; stop —_______;

sit —__________; begin —__________。

【练习吧】 ( )1. —Hush, be quiet! The baby ________in the next room. —Oh, sorry. A. sleeps B. slept C. is sleeping D. was sleeping ( )2. Don‘t bother(打扰)
him. He ________to the weather report. He is leaving for another city. A. will listen B. is listening C. listens D. listened ┃易错点针对训练┃ Ⅰ. 单项选择 ( )1.His family ________ a large one. Look! His family ________ having dinner now. A.is; is B.are; are C.is; are D.are; is ( )2.One of my favorite writers ________ Mo Yan. A.am B.Is C.are D.do Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. My family _______ (be) a happy one. 2. His family _______(be) cleaning the new house happily. 3. One of the children often ____________ (play) soccer in the street. 4. Grace is ____________ (read) in the library now. Ⅲ.同义句转换 She and they are at school. She together _______them_______ at school. ┃易错点针对训练┃ Ⅰ. 单项选择 ( )1.—What do you buy ________ your mother ________ Mother's Day? —I am not sure. A.for; at B.to; at C.to; on D.for; on ( )2.—________ is your aunt's home from here? —It's about 3 kilometers. A.How far B.How long C.How many D.How often Ⅱ.对画线部分提问 1. There are 24 people in the room? _______ _______people are there in the room? 2. They run every day. _______ _______do they run? 3. She will stay there for_ two _weeks. _______ _______will she stay there? 4. His home is two _kilometers from here. _______ _______is his home from here? Ⅲ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. He wants me ________(write) a poem about spring. 2. Let's ________(go) to the museum first. Ⅳ.同义句转换 1. I help him learn English. I help him ________ English. 2. I will buy my family a beautiful house. I will ________ a beautiful house ________my family. 3. How do you like the movie? ________ do you ________ ___________the movie? 三、单元话题作文:
【写作话题】本单元以人们正在进行的活动话题,用现在进行时描述自己或他人正在进行的活动。

【写作题目】假设你叫魏梅,根据下面提示给你的朋友Helen 写一张明信片,介绍一下你和你的家人正在做什么,不少于60词。

提示:
现在是星期三晚上八点,你的爷爷和爸爸在下象棋,奶奶和妈妈在看电视,姐姐在房间看书,哥哥在玩电脑游戏。你们很开心。

Dear Helen , How are you? It’s eight o’clock in the evening now. What are you doing now?  People in my family are doing different things. My brother is playing computer games. You see, he likes playing games very much. My grandpa and my father are playing chess. My grandma and my mother are watching TV, and my sister is reading a book in her room. We are having a good time. See you soon.

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