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整理 2019年高考英语真题(浙江卷有解析)一套

2019-06-12 10:18:09 来源网站: 品牌对比网

整理 2019年高考英语真题(浙江卷有解析)一套 本文简介:

整理2019年高考英语真题(浙江卷有解析)一套2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)英语选择题部分第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸上。第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)听下面5段对话。每

整理 2019年高考英语真题(浙江卷有解析)一套 本文内容:

整理
2019年高考英语真题(浙江卷有解析)一套
2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷)


选择题部分
第一部分
听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸上。
第一节
(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How
much
is
the
shirt?
A.
?19.15.
B.
?9.18.
C.
?9.15.
答案是C。
1.Where
does
this
conversation
take
place?【此处有音频,请去附件查看】A.
In
a
classroom.B.
In
a
hospital.C.
In
a
museum.
【答案】B
【解析】
【详解】W:
Excuse
me,
sir,
visiting
hours
are
over
now.
Your
wife
must
get
some
rest.
M:
Oh,
I’m
sorry,
doctor.
I
didn’t
hear
the
bell,
or
I
would’ve
left
earlier.2.What
does
Jack
want
to
do?【此处有音频,请去附件查看】A.
Take
fitness
classes.
B.
Buy
a
pair
of
gym
shoes.
C.
Change
his
work
schedule.
【答案】A
【解析】
【详解】M:
Hello,
my
name
is
Jack.
I
need
to
get
in
shape.
How
do
I
register
for
the
classes?
W:
We’ll
need
you
to
join
the
gym
and
then
you
can
find
out
which
classes
fit
your
schedule
the
best.3.What
are
the
speakers
talking
about?【此处有音频,请去附件查看】A.
What
to
drink.B.
Where
to
meet.C.
When
to
leave.
【答案】B
【解析】
【详解】W:
I’ll
see
you
at
the
theatre.
M:
Better
still,
let’s
meet
in
the
Red
Lion
bar
to
have
a
little
nice
talk.
W:
Good
idea,
and
I’d
love
to
have
a
drink
there.4.What
is
the
relationship
between
the
speakers?【此处有音频,请去附件查看】A.
Colleges.B.
Classmates.C.
Strangers.
【答案】C
【解析】
【详解】M:
Hello,
my
name
is
John
Arber.
And
I’m
calling
to
ask
about
the
position
advertised
in
Friday’s
Dailymail.
W:
Yes,
the
position
is
still
open.
You
could
come
over
and
have
a
talk
with
us.5.Why
is
Emily
mentioned
in
the
conversation?【此处有音频,请去附件查看】A.
She
might
want
a
ticket.
B.
She
is
looking
for
the
man.
C.
She
has
an
extra
ticket.
【答案】A
【解析】
【详解】M:
I
have
an
extra
ticket
to
the
concert
tonight.
Would
you
like
to
join
me?
W:
Thanks,
but
I
already
have
one.
You
can
ask
Emily.
She
might
be
interested.第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处有音频,请去附件查看】6.
How
long
did
James
run
his
business?
A.
10
years.B.
13years.C.
15
years.
7.
How
does
the
woman
feel
about
James"
situation?
A.
Embarrassed.B.
Concerned.C.
Disappointed.
【答案】6.
C7.
B
【解析】
W:
Did
you
know
James
went
out
of
business?
M:
Really?
When
was
that?
W:
Last
month.
M:
That’s
too
bad!
He
had
owned
that
business
for
15
years.
What
happened?
W:
I
don’t
know.
But
life
must
be
pretty
tough
for
his
family
now.
His
sons
are
still
so
young.
One
is
13
and
the
other
is
10.
M:
Well,
maybe
things
are
not
as
bad
as
they
seem
to
be.
W:
I
hope
so.
【6题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【7题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处有音频,请去附件查看】8.
What
has
Kate"s
mother
decided
to
do?
A.
Return
to
school.B.
Change
her
job.C.
Retire
from
work.
9.
What
did
Kate"s
mother
study
at
college?
A.
Oil
painting.B.
Art
history.C.
Business
administration.
10.
What
is
Kate"s
attitude
toward
her
mother"s
decision?
A.
Disapproving.B.
Ambiguous.C.
Understanding.
【答案】8.
A9.
C10.
C
【解析】
W:
Guess
what?
My
mother’s
decided
to
go
back
to
school.
M:
Why?
W:
Well,
she
always
loved
art,
but
learned
business
admistration
at
college,
because
her
parents
thought
it
was
difficult
for
an
artist
to
find
a
job.
M:
So
she
wants
to
study
art
now?
W:
Yeah,
oil
paining.
It’s
been
her
dream
for
a
long
time.
M:
It’s
nice
to
return
to
learn
what
she
loves.
But,
Kate,
I
still
think
old
age
should
be
about
peace
and
relaxation.
Hurrying
to
school
every
day
and
having
to
pass
exams
sounds
a
bit
too
much
for
her.
W:
You
know,
she
retired
last
year
and
I’m
leaving
for
the
university
soon.
She
needs
to
find
something
interesting
to
do.
M:
Well,
maybe,
if
it’s
what
she
wants.
【8题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【9题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【10题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处有音频,请去附件查看】11.
What
is
the
man
doing?
A.
Chairing
a
meeting.
B.
Hosting
a
radio
program.
C.
Conducting
a
job
interview.
12.
What
benefits
Mary
most
in
her
job?
A.
Her
wide
reading.B.
Her
leaders"
guidance.C.
Her
friends"
help
13.
Who
will
Mary
talk
about
next?
A.
Her
teacher.B.
Her
fatherC.
Her
mother.
【答案】11.
B12.
A13.
C
【解析】
M:
Dear
listeners,
for
today’s
show,
I
have
with
me,
my
colleague,
Mary
Lenny.
She
has
been
a
radio
and
TV
reporter
for
many
years.
Mary,
welcome
to
our
show!
W:
It’s
a
pleasure
to
be
here.
M:
Would
you
please
tell
our
listeners
who
most
influenced
your
decision
to
become
a
reporter?
Both
my
parents
had
a
great
influence
on
my
choice
of
work,
instead
of
trying
to
pick
out
a
job
for
me,
they
helped
me
learn
those
things
that
led
me
to
it.
M:
How
did
they
do
that?
W:
My
father
always
told
me
that
an
education
was
one
of
the
greatest
advantages
I
could
have,
one
that
would
always
stay
with
me.
He
used
to
tell
me
that
readers
were
leaders,
and
encouraged
me
to
read
all
I
could.
As
a
result,
I’ve
always
kept
up
with
the
newspapers,
faithfully
read
magazines
and
learned
to
really
enjoy
books,
all
of
which
have
been
a
valuable
help
to
me
in
radio
and
television
reporting.
M:
What
about
your
mother?
W:
Well,
my
mother
helped
me
in
a
much
different
way.
【11题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【12题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【13题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段较长对话,回答以下小题。【此处有音频,请去附件查看】14.
Why
does
the
man
seldom
do
exercise?
A.
He
lacks
motivation.
B.
He
has
a
heart
problem.
C.
He
works
all
the
time.
15.
What
does
Jacob
Sattelmair
probably
do?
A.
He"s
an
athlete.B.
He"s
a
researcher.C.
He"s
a
journalist.
16.
Why
does
the
woman
speak
of
a
study?
A.
To
encourage
the
man.
B.
To
recommend
an
exercise.
C.
To
support
her
findings.
17.
How
much
time
will
the
man
probably
spend
exercising
weekly?
A.
300
minutes.B.
150
minute.C.
75
minutes.
【答案】14.
A15.
B16.
A17.
C
【解析】
M:
We
all
know
that
exercise
is
good
for
us,
but
sometimes
it
seems
too
hard
to
leave
the
sofa.
W:
I
can
see
that.
You
seldom
do
exercise.
M:
Plus,
having
the
doctor
tell
us
to
get
two
and
a
half
hours’
exercise
a
week
doesn’t
really
help
our
motivation
much.
W:
Don’t
be
discouraged.
Now
a
new
study
suggests
getting
benefits
from
exercise
doesn’t
have
to
be
that
demanding.
Jacob
Sattelmair
from
Harvard
University
has
done
a
study
into
how
much
exercise
is
needed
to
lower
the
risk
of
heart
attacks.
M:
Mmm…,
interesting!
W:
The
study
showed
that
people
who
put
in
300
minutes
a
week
of
exercise
had
a
20%
lower
risk
of
death
due
to
heart
disease.
Still,
the
people
who
exercise
115
minutes
a
week
did
pretty
well,
too,
lowering
their
death
risk
by
14
%.
M:
And
what
about
the
people
who
exercise
half
as
much
as
that,
like
what
I
probably
do?
Does
that
help?
W:
Of
course,
even
15
minutes
would
help.
【14题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【15题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【16题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【17题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。听下面一段独白,回答以下小题。【此处有音频,请去附件查看】18.
What
did
the
scientists
do
to
the
road?
A.
They
repaired
it.B.
They
painted
it.C.
They
blocked
it
19.
Why
are
young
birds
drawn
to
the
road
surface?
A.
It"s
warm.B.
It"s
brown.C.
It"s
smooth.
20.
What
is
the
purpose
of
the
scientists"
experiment?
A.
To
keep
the
birds
there
for
a
whole
year.
B.
To
help
students
study
the
birds
well

C.
To
prevent
the
birds
from
being
killed.
【答案】18.
B19.
A20.
C
【解析】
Here
is
a
piece
of
news
for
bird
lovers.
Scientists
have
painted
a
long
road,
red,
yellow
and
white.
They
help
to
discourage
the
sea
birds
from
wandering
onto
the
highway.
The
area
is
home
to
large
crowds
of
birds
that
come
to
stay
for
the
season.
Young
birds
are
often
attracted
to
the
warm
roads

surface
and
get
killed
by
the
traffic.
Biology
student,
Hannah
tells
the
broadcaster.
The
youngster’s
feathers
are
brown
in
color.
The
dark-colored
road
surface
makes
the
youngster
hard
to
be
noticed.
As
the
number
of
tourists
has
grown,
so
has
the
amount
of
traffic
on
the
roads.
Biologist
Christen
says
the
plan
is
to
see
how
the
birds
respond
to
the
multi-colored
road
this
summer,
and
if
it
works,
the
idea
could
spread
to
other
parts
of
the
country.
【18题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【19题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。
【20题详解】
此为听力题,解析略。第二部分
阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)
第一节(共10小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
A
Zachariah
Fike
has
an
unusual
hobby.
He
finds
old
military(军队的)medals
for
sale
in
antique
stores
and
on
the
Internet.But
unlike
most
collectors,
Zac
tracks
down
the
medals

rightful
owners,
and
returns
them.
His
effort
to
reunite
families
with
lost
medals
began
with
a
Christmas
gift
from
his
mother,
a
Purple
Heart
with
the
name
Corrado
A.
G.
Piccoli,
found
in
an
antique
shop.
Zac
knows
the
meaning
of
a
Purple
Heart-he
earned
one
himself
in
a
war
as
a
soldier.
So
when
his
mother
gave
him
the
medal,
he
knew
right
away
what
he
had
to
do.
Through
the
Internet
Zac
tracked
down
Corrado’s
sister
Adeline
Rockko.
But
when
he
finally
reached
her,
the
woman
flooded
him
with
questions:
"Who
are
you?What
antique
shop?"
However,
when
she
hung
up,
she
regretted
the
way
she
had
handled
the
call.
So
she
called
Zac
back
and
apologized.
Soon
she
drove
to
meet
Zac
in
Watertown,
N.Y.
"At
that
point,
I
knew
she
meant
business,
"
Zac
says.
"To
drive
eight
hours
to
come
to
see
me."
The
Piccolis
grew
up
the
children
of
Italian
immigrants
in
Watertown.
Corrado,
a
translator
for
the
Army
during
WWII,
was
killed
in
action
in
Europe.
Before
hearing
from
Zac,
Adeline
hadn’t
realized
the
medal
was
missing.
Like
many
military
medals,
the
one
Zac’s
mother
had
found
was
a
family
treasure."
This
medal
was
very
precious
to
my
parents.
Only
on
special
occasions(场合)would
they
take
it
out
and
let
us
hold
it
in
our
hands,"
Adeline
says.
As
a
child,
Adeline
couldn"t
understand
why
the
medal
was
so
significant.
“But
as
I
grew
older,”
Adeline
says,
"and
missed
my
brother
more
and
more,
I
realized
that
was
the
only
thing
we
had
left."
Corrado
Piccoli’s
Purple
Heart
medal
now
hangs
at
the
Italian
American
Civic
Association
in
Watertown.
Zac
recently
returned
another
lost
medal
to
a
family
in
Alabama.
Since
he
first
reunited
Corrado’s
medal,
Zac
says
his
record
is
now
5
for
5.
21.
Where
did
Zac
get
a
Purple
Heart
medal
for
himself?
A.
In
the
army.
B.
In
an
antique
shop.
C.
From
his
mother.
D.
From
Adeline
Rockko.
22.
What
did
Zac
realize
when
Adeline
drove
to
meet
him?
A.
She
was
very
impolite.
B.
She
was
serious
about
the
medal.
C.
She
suspected
his
honesty.
D.
She
came
from
a
wealthy
family.
23.
What
made
Adeline
treasure
the
Purple
Heart?
A.
Her
parents’
advice.
B.
Her
knowledge
of
antiques.
C.
Her
childhood
dream.
D.
Her
memory
of
her
brother.
【答案】21.
A22.
B23.
D
【解析】
这是一篇记叙文。Zachariah
Fike有一个不同寻常的业余爱好:他在网上和古董店里寻找旧的军队勋章,然后将这些勋章归还它们的合法主人。文章主要叙述了他这一爱好的起源。
【21题详解】
细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Zac
knows
the
meaning
of
a
Purple
Heart—he
earned
one
himself
in
a
war
as
a
soldier”可知,当Zac还是一名士兵的时候,在一次战争中他获得了一枚Purple
Heart。故A选项正确。
【22题详解】
推理判断题。根据第三段中的“To
drive
eight
hours
to
come
to
see
me”可以推知,Adeline为了那枚Purple
Heart开车八个小时来见Zac,由此可知,她对于这件事是认真地。因此,At
that
point,
I
knew
she
meant
business应该指的是Zac意识到Adeline对这枚勋章是认真的。故B选项正确。
【23题详解】
推理判断题。根据第四段中的“Corrado,
a
translator…was
killed
in
action
in
Europe”和倒数第三段中的“as
I
grew
older…and
missed
my
brother
more
and
more,
I
realized
that
was
the
only
thing
we
had
left
”这枚勋章寄托了Adeline对于去世的哥哥Corrado的回忆和思念,这是他们家留下的唯一关于哥哥的东西了。因此她很珍惜这枚勋章。故D选项正确。B
Money
with
no
strings
attached.
It’s
not
something
you
see
every
day.
But
at
Union
Station
in
Los
Angeles
last
month,
a
board
went
up
with
dollar
bills
attached
to
it
with
pins
and
a
sign
that
read,
"Give
What
You
Can,
Take
What
You
Need."
People
quickly
caught
on.
And
while
many
took
dollars,
many
others
pinned
their
own
cash
to
the
board.
“People
of
all
ages,
races,
and
socio-economic(社会经济的)backgrounds
gave
and
took,
”said
Tyler
Bridges
of
The
Toolbox,
which
created
the
project.
"We
even
had
a
bride
in
her
wedding
dress
come
up
to
the
board
and
take
a
few
dollars."
Most
of
the
bills
on
the
board
were
singles,
but
a
few
people
left
fives,
tens
and
even
twenties.
The
video
clip(片段)shows
one
man
who
had
found
a
$
20
bill
pinning
it
to
the
board.
“What
I
can
say
for
the
folks
that
gave
the
most,
is
that
they
were
full
of
smiles,”
Bridges
said.
“There’s
a
certain
feeling
that
giving
can
do
for
you
and
that
was
apparent
in
those
that
gave
the
most."
Most
people
who
took
dollars
took
only
a
few,
but
Bridges
said
a
very
small
number
took
as
much
as
they
could.
While
the
clip
might
look
like
part
of
a
new
ad
campaign,
Bridges
said
the
only
goal
was
to
show
generosity
and
sympathy.
He
added
that
he
hopes
people
in
other
cities
might
try
similar
projects
and
post
their
own
videos
on
the
Internet.
“After
all,
everyone
has
bad
days
and
good
days,"
he
said.
“Some
days
you
need
a
helping
hand
and
some
days
you
can
be
the
one
giving
the
helping
hand.”
24.
What
does
the
expression
"money
with
no
strings
attached"
in
paragraph
1
mean?
A.
Money
spent
without
hesitation.
B.
Money
not
legally
made.
C.
Money
offered
without
conditions.
D.
Money
not
tied
together.
25.
What
did
Bridges
want
to
show
by
mentioning
the
bride?
A.
Women
tended
to
be
more
sociable.
B.
The
activity
attracted
various
people.
C.
Economic
problems
were
getting
worse.
D.
Young
couples
needed
financial
assistance.
26.
Why
did
Bridges
carry
out
the
project?
A.
To
do
a
test
on
people’s
morals.
B.
To
raise
money
for
his
company.
C.
To
earn
himself
a
good
reputation.
D.
To
promote
kindness
and
sympathy.
【答案】24.
C25.
B26.
D
【解析】
这是一篇新闻报道。短文报道了上个月在洛杉矶的联合车站,一块牌子上别针别满了美元,上面写着“给予你所能给与的,拿走你所需要的”。这样的活动吸引了各种各样的人,组织者希望通过这样的活动来提倡仁慈和同情。
【24题详解】
词义猜测题。由第一段“But
at
Union
Station
in
Los
Angeles
last
month,
a
board
went
up
with
dollar
bills
attached
to
it
with
pins
and
a
sign
that
read,
"Give
What
You
Can,
Take
What
You
Need.”可知,但是上个月在洛杉矶的联合车站,一块牌子上别针别满了美元,上面写着“给予你所能给与的,拿走你所需要的”。所以通过下文的语境,判断出第1段中的money
with
no
strings
attached是“无条件提供的钱”的意思。故B选项正确。
【25题详解】
推理判断题。由第二段““People
of
all
ages,
races,
and
socio-economic(社会经济的)backgrounds
gave
and
took,
”said
Tyler
Bridges
of
The
Toolbox,
which
created
the
project.
"We
even
had
a
bride
in
her
wedding
dress
come
up
to
the
board
and
take
a
few
dollars.”可知,发起该项活动的泰勒?布里奇斯说:“所有年龄、种族和社会经济背景的人都会付出和索取。”甚至有一位穿着婚纱的新娘来到了牌子前,拿走了一些钱。所以通过泰勒?布里奇斯所说的,可以判断出,他提到新娘就是想说明这项活动吸引了各种各样的人。故B选项正确。
【26题详解】
细节理解题。由倒数第二段“While
the
clip
might
look
like
part
of
a
new
ad
campaign,
Bridges
said
the
only
goal
was
to
show
generosity
and
sympathy”可知,尽管这段视频看起来像是一项新的广告活动的一部分,但是布里奇斯说这次活动唯一的目标是表现出慷慨和同情。所以布里奇斯实施这个活动是为了提倡仁慈和同情。故D选项正确。C
California
has
lost
half
its
big
trees
since
the
1930s,
according
to
a
study
to
be
published
Tuesday
and
climate
change
seems
to
be
a
major
factor(因素).
The
number
of
trees
larger
than
two
feet
across
has
declined
by
50
percent
on
more
than
46,
000
square
miles
of
California
forests,
the
new
study
finds.
No
area
was
spared
or
unaffected,
from
the
foggy
northern
coast
to
the
Sierra
Nevada
Mountains
to
the
San
Gabriels
above
Los
Angeles.
In
the
Sierra
high
country,
the
number
of
big
trees
has
fallen
by
more
than
55
percent;
in
parts
of
southern
California
the
decline
was
nearly
75
percent.
Many
factors
contributed
to
the
decline,
said
Patrick
Mclntyre,
an
ecologist
who
was
the
lead
author
of
the
study.
Woodcutters
targeted
big
trees.
Housing
development
pushed
into
the
woods.
Aggressive
wildfire
control
has
left
California
forests
crowded
with
small
trees
that
compete
with
big
trees
for
resources(资源).
But
in
comparing
a
study
of
California
forests
done
in
the
1920s
and
1930s
with
another
one
between
2001
and
2010,
Mclntyre
and
his
colleagues
documented
a
widespread
death
of
big
trees
that
was
evident
even
in
wildlands
protected
from
woodcutting
or
development.
The
loss
of
big
trees
was
greatest
in
areas
where
trees
had
suffered
the
greatest
water
shortage.
The
researchers
figured
out
water
stress
with
a
computer
model
that
calculated
how
much
water
trees
were
getting
in
comparison
with
how
much
they
needed,
taking
into
account
such
things
as
rainfall,
air
temperature,
dampness
of
soil,
and
the
timing
of
snowmelt(融雪).
Since
the
1930s,
Mclntyre
said,
the
biggest
factors
driving
up
water
stress
in
the
state
have
been
rising
temperatures,
which
cause
trees
to
lose
more
water
to
the
air,
and
earlier
snowmelt,
which
reduces
the
water
supply
available
to
trees
during
the
dry
season.
27.
What
is
the
second
paragraph
mainly
about?
A.
The
seriousness
of
big-tree
loss
in
California.
B.
The
increasing
variety
of
California
big
trees.
C.
The
distribution
of
big
trees
in
California
forests.
D.
The
influence
of
farming
on
big
trees
in
California.
28.
Which
of
the
following
is
well-intentioned
but
may
be
bad
for
big
trees?
A.
Ecological
studies
of
forests.
B.
Banning
woodcutting.
C.
Limiting
housing
development.
D.
Fire
control
measures.
29.
What
is
a
major
cause
of
the
water
shortage
according
to
Mclntyre?
A.
Inadequate
snowmelt.B.
A
longer
dry
season.
C.
A
warmer
climate.D.
Dampness
of
the
air.
30.
What
can
be
a
suitable
title
for
the
text?
A.
California"s
Forests:
Where
Have
All
the
Big
Trees
Gone?
B.
Cutting
of
Big
Trees
to
Be
Prohibited
in
California
Soon
C.
Why
Are
the
Big
Trees
Important
to
California
Forests?
D.
Patrick
Mclntyre:
Grow
More
Big
Trees
in
California
【答案】27.
A28.
D29.
C30.
A
【解析】
本文为说明文,根据一项研究表明,自20世纪30年代以来,加州已经失去了一半的大树,气候变化似乎是其主要因素。
【27题详解】
主旨大意题。在第二段中,作者用具体数据说明了大树损失在各个地区的严重程度,没有任何地区幸免或不受影响,故选A。
【28题详解】
推理判断题。根据第三段最后一句Aggressive
wildfire
control
has
left
California
forests
crowded
with
small
trees
that
compete
with
big
trees
for
resources(资源).可知,野火控制在控制了森林大火的同时,使得加利福尼亚的森林里挤满了小树,它们与大树争夺资源,这对大树产生了不利的影响,故选D。
【29题详解】
细节理解题。根据最后一段the
biggest
factors
driving
up
water
stress
in
the
state
have
been
rising
temperatures,
…,
and
earlier
snowmelt,
…可知,造成加州水资源短缺的最大因素是气温的上升,以及较早的融雪,故选C。
【30题详解】
主旨大意题。通读全文可知,自20世纪30年代以来,加州已经失去了一半的大树,文章分析了引起该现象的几个主要因素。全文围绕“加州森林的大树都去哪儿了”话题展开,故选项A符合题意。第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Rock
music
consists
of
many
different
styles.
Even
though
there
is
a
common
spirit
among
all
music
groups,
they
make
very
different
music.
___31___
At
that
time
the
Beatles
entered
the
world
of
music
from
Liverpool.
After
they
were
given
an
invitation
to
appear
live
on
BBC,
the
Beatles
quickly
became
famous
in
Britain
with
nationwide
tours.
By
mid-1963,
the
Beatles
had
been
extremely
popular
in
England.
___32___
They
held
large
concerts
and
performed
at
clubs.
They
became
the
hottest
thing
on
the
pop
music
scene
in
England.
They
began
as
a
modestly
successful
musician
group
and
ended
the
year
as
show
business
legends(传说).
John
Lennon
and
Paul
McCartney
were
named
composers
of
the
year.
___33___
They
were
not
sure
how
the
Americans
would
react
to
the
new
type
of
music.
Beatlemania
hit
New
York
on
February
7,
1964.
Hundreds
of
fans
jammed
the
airport
to
greet
them.
___34___
The
concert
was
broadcast
live
and
attracted
the
largest
one
night
audience
in
the
history
of
television
up
to
that
time.
The
Beatles
were
described
as
a
British
invasion(入侵)by
local
and
nationwide
newspapers
at
that
time.
Their
victory
in
America
was
still
remembered
as
a
major
turning
point
in
the
history
of
rock
and
roll.
Thanks
to
the
Beatles,
a
lot
of
opportunities
were
opened
up
to
new
faces
on
the
market.
___35___
A.
They
decided
on
a
tour
to
the
United
States
in
1964.
B.
Even
their
hairstyles
became
major
trends
at
that
time.
C.
Rock
music
developed
in
the
1950s
and
the
early
1960s.
D.
However,
their
songs
changed
the
lives
of
generations
to
come.
E.
Many
rock
bands
were
able
to
follow
in
the
footsteps
of
the
Beatles.
F.
They
appeared
in
the
films
A
Hard
Day"s
Night(1964)and
Help!(1965).
G.
They
performed
their
first
concert
in
America
at
CBS
television"s
53rd
street
studio.
【答案】31.
C32.
B
33.
A34.
G
35.
E
【解析】
本文是一篇说明文。文中讲述了披头士的发展和影响,引领了一种潮流趋势。
【31题详解】
第一段讲述摇滚音乐,根据空后的at
that
time可知前句提到了时间,而且与rock
music有关,选项中只有C
项讲的是摇滚音乐,并且讲述了其发展的时间,故选C。

32题详解】
空前后都是讲述披头士的出名程度,根据空前extremely
popular
in
England,
以及后文的they
became
the
hottest
thing可知此处描述了他们的影响,选项B
(甚至他们的发型在那时也成为了一种潮流)符合文意,且关键词even是一个提示,故选B。
【33题详解】
根据空后They
were
not
sure
how
the
Americans
would
react
to
the
new
type
of
music.(他们不确定美国人怎样反应),可知他们首次来美国演出,所以A项(决定首次到美国开巡回演出)符合文意,故选A。
【34题详解】
根据空后The
concert
was
broadcast
live…可知前句中应该出现concert,选项G中的关键词their
first
concert
前后呼应。故选G。
【35题详解】
根据空前(由于披头士,市场上出现了很多机会),E项(很多新乐队(新面孔)都是模仿披头士),符合逻辑。故选E。第三部分
语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节
完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。
There
are
lots
of
ways
to
raise
awareness
for
a
cause.
Usually,
the
___36___
the
idea
is,
the
more
it
gets
noticed.
And
that’s
precisely
why
one
___37___
Frenchman
has
caught
our
attention.
Baptiste
Dubanchet
is
biking
across
Europe,surviving
___38___
on
discarded(丢弃)food.
The
three-month
1
900-mile
journey
from
Paris
to
Warsaw
is
Dubanchet’s
___39___
of
raising
awareness
of
food
waste
in
Europe
and
throughout
the
world.
As
you
can
___40___,
the
trip
is
no
piece
of
cake.
While
restaurants
___41___
tons
of
food
each
year,
much
of
it
remains
inaccessible
because
of
___42___
garbage
containers,
health
regulations,
or
business
policies.
Only
about
one
in
ten
places
___43___
him
food
that
would
otherwise
be
discarded.
For
legal
___44___,
most
restaurants
have
a
policy
against
___45___
food
waste.
"Some
people
have
even
___46___
their
jobs
by
giving
me
food,"
Dubanchet
said.
What"s
___47___
interesting
is
the
attitude
various
cities
have
toward
Dubanchet’s
cause.
Berlin
has
been
the
___48___
while
the
most
difficult
was
the
Czech
town
of
Pilsen.
There,
he
had
to
___49___
at
some
___50___
different
stores
or
restaurants
before
finding
food.
The
50
is
all
the
more
serious
when
you
consider
the
___51___
exercise
required
to
bike
from
France
to
Poland.
"I
have
to
get
food
___52___
because
after
all
the
biking
I
am
tired
and
I
need
the
___53___,"
Dubanchet
explained.
"Is
my
___54___
full
or
empty?
That
is
the
most
important
thing,
not
what
I
am
eating."
He
aims
to
___55___
his
journey
by
mid-July.
With
any
luck,
he’ll
turn
a
few
more
heads
in
the
process.
36.
A.
clevererB.
olderC.
strangerD.
simpler
37.
A.
garbage-eatingB.
sports-lovingC.
food-wastingD.
law-breaking
38.
A.
secretlyB.
finallyC.
entirelyD.
probably
39.
A.
purposeB.
wayC.
opinionD.
dream
40.
A.
observeB.
imagineC.
suggestD.
remember
41.
A.
storeB.
cookC.
shop
forD.
throw
away
42.
A.
lockedB.
damagedC.
connectedD.
abandoned
43.
A.
boughtB.
offeredC.
orderedD.
sold
44.
A.
reasonsB.
rightsC.
feesD.
aids
45.
A.
begging
forB.
giving
awayC.
hidingD.
causing
46.
A.
didB.
keptC.
acceptedD.
risked
47.
A.
hardlyB.
usuallyC.
particularlyD.
merely
48.
A.
easiestB.
nearestC.
biggestD.
richest
49.
A.
workB.
shoutC.
askD.
jump
50.
A.
competitionB.
conversationC.
conflictD.
challenge
51.
A.
adequateB.
rewardingC.
demandingD.
suitable
52.
A.
againB.
aloneC.
laterD.
fast
53.
A.
spiritB.
energyC.
timeD.
effort
54.
A.
stomachB.
handC.
pocketD.
basket
55.
A.
arrangeB.
restartC.
reportD.
finish
【答案】36.
C37.
A38.
C39.
B40.
B41.
D42.
A43.
B44.
A45.
B46.
D47.
C48.
A49.
C50.
D51.
C52.
D53.
B54.
A55.
D
【解析】
这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。文章主要讲了一个吃垃圾的法国人引起了我们的注意,Baptiste
Dubanchet骑着自行车穿越欧洲,完全靠丢弃的食物生存。
【36题详解】
考查形容词辨析。根据Usually,
the
36
the
idea
is,
the
more
it
gets
noticed.可知这里意思是通常,这个观点越奇怪,它就会越受到关注。A.
cleverer更聪明的;B.
older更老的;C.
stranger更奇怪;D.
simpler更简单的,故选C。
【37题详解】
考查形容词辨析。根据Baptiste
Dubanchet
is
biking
across
Europe,
surviving
38
on
discarded(丢弃)
food.可知这里意思是那就是为什么一个吃垃圾的法国人引起了我们的注意。A.
garbage-eating吃垃圾的;B.
sports-loving爱好体育的;C.
food-wasting浪费食物的;
D.
law-breaking破坏法律的,故选A。
【38题详解】
考查副词辨析。句意:Baptiste
Dubanchet骑着自行车穿越欧洲,完全靠丢弃的食物生存。A.secretly
秘密地;B.
finally
最后;C.
entirely完全地;D.
probably很可能,故选C。
【39题详解】
考查名词辨析。句意:从巴黎到华沙历时三个月、1900英里的旅程,是Dubanchet引起欧洲和全世界对食物残羹注意的道路。A.purpose目的;B.way道路;C.opinion意见;D.
dream梦想,故选B。
【40题详解】
考查动词辨析。句意:你可以想象,这次旅行不是小菜一碟。A.
observe观察;B.
imagine想象;C.
suggest建议;D.
remember记得,故选B。
【41题详解】
考查动词短语辨析。句意:虽然餐馆每年扔掉大量的食物,但由于垃圾容器上锁、卫生规定或商业政策,很多食物仍然难以接近。A
.
store存储;B.cook做饭;C.
shop
for购买某物;D.
throw
away扔掉,故选D。
【42题详解】
考查形容词辨析。根据it
remains
inaccessible可知这里意思是垃圾容器上锁。A.locked上锁的;B
.
damaged被损坏的;C.connected连接的;D.
abandoned被抛弃的,故选A。
【43题详解】
考查动词辨析。句意:只有大约十分之一的地方给他提供了食物,否则就会被丢弃。A.bought买;B.
offered提供;C
.
ordered命令;D.
sold销售,故选B。
【44题详解】
考查名词辨析。句意:由于法律原因,大多数餐馆都有禁止浪费食物的政策。A.reasons原因;B.
rights权利;C.fees费用;D.
aids援助,故选A。
【45题详解】
考查动词短语辨析。句意:由于法律原因,大多数餐馆都有禁止分发食物残渣的政策。A.
begging
for乞求;
B.
giving
away分发;C
.
hiding隐藏;D.
causing造成,故选B。
【46题详解】
考查动词辨析。上文说由于法律原因,大多数餐馆都有禁止分发食物残渣的政策。可知这里意思是有些人甚至冒着失业的危险给我食物。A.did做;B.
kept保持;C.accepted接受;
D.
risked冒…的危险,故选D。
【47题详解】
考查副词辨析。句意:特别有趣的是各个城市对Dubanchet事件的态度。A.hardly几乎不;
B.
usually
通常;C
.
particularly特别是;D
.
merely仅仅,故选C。
【48题详解】
考查形容词辨析。根据while
the
most
difficult
was
the
Czech
town
of
Pilsen.可知这里意思是柏林是最容易的。A.easiest最容易的;B
.
nearest最近的;C
.
biggest最大的;D.
richest最富有的,故选A。
【49题详解】
考查动词辨析。句意:在那里,他必须在大约50家不同的商店或餐馆询问,才能找到食物。A.work工作;B.
shout
呼喊;C.ask询问;D.
jump跳跃,故选C。
【50题详解】
考查名词辨析。句意:当你考虑到从法国骑自行车到波兰所需要的高强度运动时,挑战就更加严峻了。A.
competition竞赛;B.
conversation会话;C.
conflict冲突;D.
challenge挑战,故选D。
【51题详解】
考查形容词辨析。句意:当你考虑到从法国骑自行车到波兰所需要的高强度运动时,挑战就更加严峻了。A.
adequate充足的;B.
rewarding有益的;C.
demanding要求高的;D.
suitable适当的,故选C。
【52题详解】
考查副词辨析。句意:我必须快点吃东西,因为骑了那么多自行车,我累了,我需要能量。A.again再一次;B.
alone独自地;C
.
later后来;D.
fast迅速地,故选D。
【53题详解】
考查名词辨析。根据because
after
all
the
biking
I
am
tired可知我需要能量。A.spirit精神;
B
.
energy能量;C.time时间;D.
effort努力,故选B。
【54题详解】
考查名词辨析。根据That
is
the
most
important
thing,
not
what
I
am
eating.可知这里意思是我的胃是满的还是空的。A.
stomach胃;B.
hand手;C.
pocket口袋;D.
basket篮子,故选A。
【55题详解】
考查动词辨析。根据With
any
luck,
he"ll
tum
a
few
more
heads
in
the
process.可知这里意思是他计划在七月中旬结束他的旅行。A.arrange安排;B
.
restart重新开始;C.
report报告;
D.
finish结束,故选D。非选择题部分
第三部分
语言运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
There
are
several
reasons
why
school
uniforms
are
good
idea.
First
of
all,
uniforms
help
the
school
look
smart.
The
students
feel
that
they
belong
to
a
particular
group.
When
every
pupil
in
the
school
wears
the
uniform,
nobody
___56___
(have)
to
worry
about
fashion(时尚).
Everybody
wears___57___
same
style
of
clothes.
Uniforms
can
be
useful
in
unexpected
ways,
A
school
in
Ireland
has
introduced
an
interesting
new
uniform.
On
the
edge
of
the
jacket,
there
is
a
piece
of
cloth
___58___gives
off
light
in
the
dark.
When
the
children
are
walking
or
___59___
(cycle)
to
school
on
dark
mornings,
car
drivers
can
___60___
(easy)
see
them.
But
can
uniforms
help
improve
school
standards?
The
answer
___61___
this
question
is
not
clear.
One
study
in
America
found
that
students"
grades
___62___
(improve)
a
little
after
the
school
introduced
uniforms.
But
some
students
didn"t
want
___63___
(wear)
the
uniform.
Other
American
studies
showed
no
___64___(connect)
between
uniforms
and
school
performance.
School
uniforms
are
___65___
(tradition)
in
Britain,
but
some
schools
are
starting
to
get
rid
of
them.
Some
very
good
schools
don"t
have
a
uniform
policy.
However,
uniforms
are
still
popular.
Pupils
at
about
90
percent
of
British
secondary
schools
wear
uniforms.
【答案】56.
has/will
have
57.
the58.
that/which
59.
cycling
60.
easily61.
to
62.
improved
63.
to
wear
64.
connection/connections
65.
traditional
【解析】
这是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了学生穿校服的几个好处。
【56题详解】
考查时态。句意:当每个学生在校穿校服时,没有人会担心时尚问题。本句是when引导的时间状语从句,遵循主将从现原则,因此,主句可以使用将来时will
do;根据语境可知,本文叙述的是客观事实,因此,本句亦可用一般现在时,主语是nobody,谓语用has。故填will
have/has。
【57题详解】
考查冠词。句意:每个人都穿相同风格的衣服。same是形容词,意思是“相同的”,常与the连用修饰名词。故填the。
【58题详解】
考查定语从句。这是个限制性定语从句,先行词是cloth,指物,从句中缺少主语,因此,可以用that或which引导。故填that/which。
【59题详解】
考查非谓语动词。句意:当孩子们在黑暗的早晨步行或骑车上学时,汽车司机很容易看到它们。or连接两个并列成分,根据or前的walking可知,此处要用cycling。故填cycling。
【60题详解】
考查副词。分析句式可知,设空处所给词是修饰动词see,修饰动词要用副词,因此,用easy的副词形式。故填easily。
【61题详解】
考查介词。句意:这个问题的答案不清楚。the
key/answer
to
...这是固定搭配,“……的答案是……”。故填to。
【62题详解】
考查时态。句意:美国的一项研究发现,在学校引入校服后,学生的成绩有所提高。本句是after引导的时间状语从句,前后时态保持一致,从句使用了一般过去式,主句用一般过去式。故填improved。
【63题详解】
考查非谓语动词。句意:但是,有一些学生不想穿学生服。want
to
do
sth想要做某事,这是want的固定用法。故填to
wear。
【64题详解】
考查名词。句意:其他的美国研究表明校服和学校表现之间没有联系。no是形容词,形容词修饰名词,位于名词前,名词可用复数也可用单数形式。connect是动词,
“联系”的意思,因此,要用其名词形式。故填connection/connections。
【65题详解】
考查形容词。句意:穿校服在英国是一个传统,但是一些学校开始允许学生上学不用穿校服。are是系动词,其后常用形容词作表语,tradition是名词,“传统”的意思,因此,用其形容词形式。故填traditional。第四部分
写作(共两节,满分40分)
第一节
应用文写作(满分15分)
66.假定你是李华,经常帮助你学习英语的朋友Alex即将返回自己的国家。请给他写一封邮件,内容包括:
1.表示感谢;
2.回顾Alex对你的帮助;
3.临别祝愿。
注意:
1.词数80左右;
2可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
【答案】参考范文略
【解析】
【详解】本题解析略。第二节
读后续写(满分25分)
67.阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。
Parents
everywhere
praise
their
kids.
Jenn
Berman,
author
of
The
A
to
Z
Guide
to
Raising
Happy
and
Confident
Kids,
says,
"We"ve
gone
to
the
opposite
extreme
of
a
few
decades
ago
when
parents
tended
to
be
more
strict."
By
giving
kids
a
lot
of
praise,
parents
think
they"re
building
their
children"s
confidence,
when,
in
fact,
it
may
be
just
the
opposite.
Too
much
praise
can
backfire
and,
when
given
in
a
way
that"s
insincere,
make
kids
afraid
to
try
new
things
or
take
a
risk
for
fear
of
not
being
able
to
stay
on
top
where
their
parents"
praise
has
put
them.
Still,
don"t
go
too
far
in
the
other
direction.
Not
giving
enough
praise
can
be
just
as
damaging
gas
giving
too
much.
Kids
will
feel
like
they"re
not
good
enough
or
that
you
don"t
care
and,
as
a
result,
may
see
no
point
in
trying
hard
for
their
accomplishments.
So
what
is
the
right
amount
of
praise?
Experts
say
that
the
quality
of
praise
is
more
important
than
the
quantity.
If
praise
is
sincere
and
focused
on
the
effort
not
the
outcome,
you
can
give
it
as
often
as
your
child
does
something
that
deserves
a
verbal
reward."
We
should
especially
recognize
our
children"s
efforts
to
push
themselves
and
work
hard
to
achieve
a
goal,
"says
Donahue,
author
of
Parenting
Without
Fear:
Letting
Go
of
Worry
and
Focusing
on
What
Really
Matters.
"One
thing
to
remember
is
that
it"s
the
process
not
the
end
product
that
matters."
Your
son
may
not
be
the
best
basketball
player
on
his
team.
But
if
he"s
out
there
every
day
and
playing
hard,
you
should
praise
his
effort
regardless
of
whether
his
team
wins
or
loses.
Praising
the
effort
and
not
the
outcome
can
also
mean
recognizing
your
child
when
she
has
worked
hard
to
clean
the
yard,
cook
dinner,
or
finish
a
book
report.
But
whatever
it
is,
praise
should
be
given
on
a
case-by-case
basis
and
be
proportionate(相称的)to
the
amount
of
effort
your
child
has
put
into
it.
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
【答案】参考范文略
【解析】
【详解】本题解析略。

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