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英语动词不定式十大考点

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英语动词不定式十大考点 本文简介:

动词不定式十大考点一、定义:它是动词的一种非谓语形式,没有人称和数的变化,不能单独作句子的谓语。其构成形式为to+动词原形,to为动词不定式的符号,本身无意义。二、特点:1.具有动词的特点,因此,后面可以跟表语、宾语或状语,构成动词不定式短语。2.具有名词、形容词或副词的特点,可以在句子中用作主

英语动词不定式十大考点 本文内容:

动词不定式十大考点
一、定义:它是动词的一种非谓语形式,没有人称和数的变化,不能单独作句子的谓语。其构成形式为"to+动词原形",to为动词不定式的符号,本身无意义。
二、特点:1.具有动词的特点,因此,后面可以跟表语、宾语或状语,构成动词不定式短语。2.具有名词、形容词或副词的特点,可以在句子中用作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语、定语、表语及同位语等。
三、运用
(一)动词不定式作主语
1、解析:动词不定式作主语时,可以直接放在谓语动词前面的主语位置,也可以用先行词it作形式主语,而将真正的主语(不定式)置于后面。
2、常见的句式有:
(1)
It
is
+形容词nice,?kind,?clever,?good,?right,?wrong,?foolish,?careless(of?sb)to
do?sth.
(2)
It
is
+名词(for?sb)to
do?sth.
(3)
It
takes
sb.
some
time
to
do
sth.
(4)
It
is
+形容词hard,?difficult,?easy,?important(for?sb)to
do?sth.
3、举例
(1)It"s
our
duty
_________
the
room
every
day.
  A.
to
clean
B.
cleaned
C.
clean
D.?cleans
(2)It"s
hard
for
us
_________
English
well.
  A.
learn
B.
learns
C.
to
learn
D.?learning
(3)建造这座立交桥将花费工人们一年多的时间。
It
will
_________
the
workers
over
a
year
_________
_________
the
flyover.
(4)It"s?very
nice
_________
you
to
get
me
two
tickets
________
the
World
Cup.
A.
for,?of
B.
of,?for
C.
to,?for
D.
of,?to
(二)
动词不定式作宾语
1、
解析:在want,?like,?agree,?hope,?wish,?learn,?begin,?start,?seem,?decide,?hate,?choose,?forget,?remember等动词后面,可以接不定式作宾语。如果其后接形容词补足语时,则可以用it作形式宾语,而把作真正宾语的不定式放到后面。
2、
举例
(1)He
wants
______
some
vegetables.
  A.
buy
B.
buying

C.
to
buy

D.
buys
(2)
Don"t
forget
______
your
homework
with
you
when
you
come
to
school.
  A.
to
bring
B.
bringing

C.
to
take

D.
taking
(3)He
found
it
very
difficult
______.
A.
sleepingB.?sleeps

C.?slept?
D.
to
fall
asleep
(三)
动词不定式作宾语补足语
1、解析:不定式可以用作宾语补足语。后面可以接不定式作宾语补足语的动词有:ask,?teach,?expect,?tell,?allow等。
2、举例
(1)Robert
often
asks
us
______
his
Chinese,
so
his
Chinese
is
much
better
than
before.
A.
help?him?B.
to
help
him
with
C.
to
help
with

D.
helps
him
with
(2)Mr?Li
often
teaches
his
Japanese?friends?______
Chinese
food.
A.
cook

B.
cooks

C.
to
cook

D.
cooked

(四)动词不定式作状语
1、解析:
(1)go,come,try,try
one"s
best等动词或短语动词作谓语时,其后常常可以接不定式作目的状语
(2)"be
+形容词+
to
do?sth"结构中的不定式作状语,常表示原因或方式
(3)"too
+形容词/副词(for?sb)to
do…"(太……而不能……)和"enough
(for?sb)
to
do…"(足以、足够……做……)结构中,不定式作结果状语。
2、举例
(1)
She
went
______
her
teacher.
  A.
to
see
B.
looks
C.
saw
D.
seeing
(2)Meimei?likes
English
very
much.
She
does
her
best
______
English
well.
  A.
learn
B.
learning
C.
to
learn
D.
learns
(3)I"m
sorry
______
that.
  A.
hears
B.
hearing
C.
hear
D.
to
hear
(4)I"m
sorry
______
you.
A.
trouble
B.
to
trouble
C.
troubling
D.
troubled
(5)My
mother
was
very
glad
______
her
old
friend.
A.
to
meet
B.
meet
C.
met
D.
meets
(6)The
panda
is
so
fat
that
it
can"t
go
through
the
hole.(改为意思相同的句子)
  The?hole?______
______
______
______
such
a
fat
panda
to
go
through.
  (7)
The
ice
on
the
lake
was
so
thin
that
people
couldn"t
skate
on
it.
(改为意思相同的句子)
  The
ice
on
the
lake
wasn"t
______
enough
______
people
______
______
_____.
(五)动词不定式作定语
1、解析:不定式作定语时,常放在被修饰的词语之后,与被修饰的词语为逻辑上的主谓关系或动宾关系;如果不定式的动词是不及物动词,其后要加上必要的介词或副词,构成的短语动词相当于及物动词。
2、举例
  1.
Would
you
like
something
______?
  A.
drink
B.
drinking
C.
to
drink
D.
drinks
  2.
I
have
a
lot
of
homework
______.
  A.
do
B.
doing
C.
did
D.
to
do
  3.
He
is
not
an
easy
man
______.
  A.
get
on
B.
to
get
on
C.
get
on
with
D.
to
get
on
with
(六)不带to的动词不定式
  1.
We
saw
him
______
the
building
and
go
upstairs.
  A.
to
enter
B.
enter
C.
entering
D.
entered
(河南省)
  2.
So
much
work
usually
makes
them
______
very
tired.
  A.
to
feel
B.
feels
C.
feeling
D.
feel
(吉林省)
  3.
Your
father
is
sleeping.
You"d
better
______.
  A.
not
wake
up
him
B.
not
to
wake
up
him
  C.
not
wake
him
up
D.
not
to
wake
him
up
(陕西省)
  4.
I
was
made
______
my
homework
in
the
afternoon.
  A.
do
B.
doing
C.
to
do
D.
did
(贵州省)
  Key:?1.
B
2.?D
3.?C
4.?C
  [简析]1.在see,?watch,?hear,?feel等感官动词和make,?have,?let等使役动词后面作宾语补足语的不定式不带to.但是在被动语态中,作主语补足语的不定式要带to(let没有被动语态)。2.在"had
better"后面接不带to的不定式。
  七、动词不定式的否定形式
  1.?Mr?Black
asked
the
man
________
the
queue.
  A.
not
to
jump
B.
to
not
jump C.
didn"t
jump
D.
not
jump
(广西壮族自治区)
  2.
The
old
man
told
the
child
______
noisy.
  A.
not
be
B.
not
to
be
C.
to
not
be
D.
be
not
(湖北省)
  3.
There
is
going
to
______
an
important
meeting
tomorrow.
Please
try
______
late.
  A.
have,?not
to
be
B.
have,?not
be
  C.
be,?not
to
be
D.
be,?not
be
(内蒙古自治区)
  Key:?1.
A
2.?B
3.?C
  [简析]动词不定式的否定形式通常是在不定式符号to的前面加上not,如果是不带to的不定式就直接在动词原形前面加上not.
  八、某些动词后面接不定式和接动词-ing形式的区别
  1.
Please
stop
______
a
rest
if
you
feel
tired.
  A.
to
have
B.
having
C.
have
D.
has
(广西壮族自治区)
  2.
——Why?didn"t
you
buy
some
bread
on
your
way
home?
  ——Sorry,
I
forgot
______
some
money
with
me.
  A.
take
B.
taking
C.
to
take
D.
took
(湖北省)
  3.
——Let"s?have
a
rest,
shall
we?
  ——Not?now,
I
can"t
stop
______
the
letters.
  A.?write?B.
to
write
C.
writing
D.
and
write
(湖北省)
  4.
Jim
was
badly
hurt,
so
he
had
to
stop
______
(walk).
(用所给单词的正确形式填空)(四川省)
  Key:?1.
A
2.?C
3.?C
4.?walking
  [简析]一些常见的动词后面接不定式和接动词的-ing形式的区别如下:"stop
to
do?sth"意为"停止正在做的事情去做另外一件事","stop
doing?sth"意为"停止正在做的事":"remember
to
do?sth"意为"记住去做某事"(事还未做),"remember
doing?sth"意为"记得做过某事"(事已做):"go
on
to
do?sth"意为"接着做某事"(做完一事,接着做另一事),"go
on
doing?sth"意为"继续做某事"(一事未做完接着往下做):"forget
to
do?sth"意为"忘了做某事"(事还未做),"forget
doing?sth"意为"忘了曾做过某事"(事已做)。
  5.
When
I
was
walking
in
the
street
I
saw
a
plane
______
over
my
head.
  A.
flies
B.
flying
C.
flew
D.
to
fly
(福建省)
  6.
A
woman
saw
it
______
when
she
was
walking
past.
  A.
happen
B.?happens?C.
happening
D.
to
happen
(黑龙江省)
  Key:?5.
B
6.
A
  [简析]在see,?hear,?watch,?feel等感官动词后面可接不带to的不定式,也可接动词的-ing形式作宾语补足语,用不定式表示动作的全过程(动作已结束),用动词的-ing形式表示动作正在进行(动作尚未结束)。
  九、动词不定式的省略及其符号to的保留
  1.
Would
you
like
to
go
to
the
cinema
with
us?
  Yes,
______.
What
time
are
we
going
to
meet?
  A.
I
would
B.
I
would
like
C.
I
like
to
D.
I"d
like
to
(浙江省)
  2.
Would
you
like
to
go
for
a
picnic
with
us?
  ______.
What
time
are
we
going
to
meet?
  A.
No,
I
can"t
B.
Yes,
I"m
glad C.
Yes,
I"d
love
to
D.
I"d
like
(大连市)
  Keys:?1.
D
2.
C
  [简析]在口语中,动词不定式中的动词或短语动词在上下文中重复出现时,第二个动词不定式可以省略,但是to不可省略。这种用法常见于"be
glad
to","would
like
(love)
to","have
to"等结构中。
  十、动词不定式的被动式和其他形式
  The
new
hospital
______
is
near
the
factory.
  A.
build
B.
builds
C.
to
build
D.
to
be
built
(青海省)
  Key:?D
  [简析]当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示的动作的承受者(宾语)时,用动词不定式的被动式,即:to
be
+过去分词;如果不定式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前,不定式用完成式,即:to
have
+过去分词;如果不定式表示的动作和谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,用不定式的进行式,即:to
be
+现在分词

英语动词不定式十大考点 本文关键词:不定式,十大,英语,动词,考点

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